Palm Kernel Shells (PKS)
Palm Kernel Shells (PKS)
Gombella Integrated Services Limited is a trusted source of premium palm kernel shells, a sustainable and environmentally friendly biomass fuel. Our palm kernel shells are a responsible and efficient choice for clean energy generation, boasting a high calorific value while minimizing their environmental footprint.
What is PKS? Palm Kernel Shell (PKS) is the outer shell of the seed of the oil palm tree. It is a byproduct of the palm oil extraction process. PKS is known for its high calorific value, typically ranging from 4,000 to 4,500 Kcal/kg, making it a valuable biomass resource. Its low moisture content and low ash content contribute to its suitability as a fuel source, particularly in power generation and industrial boilers. The utilization of PKS not only reduces waste from the palm oil industry but also promotes sustainability by offering an eco-friendly alternative to fossil fuels, thereby reducing greenhouse gas emissions and supporting renewable energy initiatives.
Gombella Export Specification for Palm Kernel Shell:
|Specifications: Element Analysis (wt %)||Industry analysis (wt %)|
|Moisture 13% to 18% (Maximum)||Carbon (C) 52.95|
|Fiber 2% to 3% (Maximum)||Hydrogen(H) 6.29|
|Foreign Matter 2% (Maximum)||Nitrogen (N) 0.52|
|Hard Nut Shell 95%||Oxygen (O) 38.51|
|Kcal 3500 to 4000||Sulphur(S) 0.07|
- We have the capacity for 7,500 Metric tons of PKS per month.
- Payment Terms: Confirmed 100% non-transferable, irrevocable L/C at sight OR 50% advance T/T, 50% DAP at sight of documents.
Palm Kernel Shell Characteristics
- High Calorific Value: With a calorific value exceeding 4,200 Kcal, PKS is a potent energy source, ideal for efficient power generation and industrial use.
- Low Moisture Content: PKS contains moisture ranging from 15-25% (As received) or 8-11% (Air Dried Base), ensuring it burns efficiently as a fuel.
- Minimal Ash Content: At approximately 1-3%, PKS leaves behind very little ash, making it a clean and eco-friendly option.
- Abundant Volatile Matter: With volatile matter levels around 68-70%, PKS ignites easily and provides consistent energy output.
- Activated Carbon Content: Boasting about 20-22% activated carbon, PKS is valuable for water purification and industrial processes.
Uses of Palm Kernel Shell
Palm Kernel Shell (PKS) is a versatile and sustainable resource with a wide array of applications. It is utilized across various industries and sectors:
- Biomass Fuel: PKS is primarily used as a biomass fuel due to its high energy content, especially in power generation and industrial heating.
- Fertilizer and Factory Floor Cleaning: The ash produced during PKS combustion is repurposed as fertilizer and cleaning agents for factory floors.
- Road Enhancement: PKS is applied on palm plantation roads to improve vehicular traction, offering a sustainable alternative to non-tarred roads.
- Artisanal Fuel: Blacksmiths and artisans use PKS as a fuel material in their furnaces.
- Exported by Palm Oil Producers: Industrial-scale palm oil producers export PKS, reducing reliance on wood-based biofuels and lowering greenhouse gas emissions.
- Fuel Briquettes, Biochar, and Activated Charcoal: PKS is processed into fuel briquettes, biochar, and activated charcoal for various applications.
- Construction: PKS is used in construction for concrete reinforcement, aggregate, water purification, and road construction.
- Animal Nutrition: Researchers explore PKS’s potential in animal nutrition, creating new possibilities for its utilization.
Palm Kernel Shell Industry
The palm kernel shell industry is witnessing substantial growth, with large-scale palm oil mills incorporating it into their energy generation processes. It is used alongside mesocarp fibers to meet energy needs and is even exported to international markets, reducing reliance on non-renewable alternatives.
The palm kernel shell’s export potential is evident, but Africa’s untapped potential in this sector awaits exploration. Adopting innovative technologies can enhance the economic value of PKS, creating opportunities for job creation and sustainable waste management.
PKS Environmental Impact
The environmental impact of PKS is notably positive. Its use as a biomass fuel source leads to a significant reduction in CO2 emissions, contributing to reduced greenhouse gas emissions. PKS is a renewable and sustainable alternative, helping to protect forests in destination countries and promote eco-friendly practices.
PKS showcases sustainability through its diverse applications. It aids in the reduction of cement production by serving as a lightweight aggregate for concrete, potentially lowering construction costs. Additionally, its use in water purification and agriculture reflects its role in promoting sustainable practices.
PKS Advantages and Disadvantages
The advantages of PKS are manifold. It boasts a high calorific value, low ash content, stable moisture content, and resistance to crushing during transportation. Its advantageous properties make it an attractive renewable energy source with considerable export potential.
While PKS offers numerous benefits, it is not without drawbacks. Meeting export specifications, such as moisture content, calorific value, shell hardness, and impurities, can be challenging. Sustaining exports from palm kernel shell producers in Africa may face hurdles if these standards are not met.
Why Choose Gombella Integrated Services Limited for Palm Kernel Shells:
Gombella Integrated Services Limited stands out as a premier provider of Palm Kernel Shells (PKS) in Nigeria, offering exceptional value and reliability. Here are some compelling reasons to consider us for your PKS needs:
- Premium-Quality Assurance: Our palm kernel shells are carefully sourced from reputable palm oil manufacturers and undergo rigorous quality checks to ensure superior performance and reliability.
- Commitment to Sustainability: Gombella Integrated Services Limited is dedicated to promoting eco-friendly practices. By offering palm kernel shells as a sustainable energy solution, we actively contribute to a greener and more sustainable future.
- Efficient Logistics: With a well-established distribution network, we ensure timely delivery of our premium palm kernel shells to meet the demands of our valued customers.
- Dependability: Gombella Integrated Services Limited has been in the business of Palm Kernel Shell export for over 10 years. Not only that, but we also export other Agro Materials such as tiger nuts, cassia tora seeds, and many others.
- Expert Support: Our team of experts are ready to assist you in finding the right palm kernel shell solution that aligns with your energy requirements, ensuring a smooth and seamless transition to sustainable energy.
Contact us today to discuss your PKS import requirements and benefit from our expertise. Let our dedicated team help you expand your business and tap into new markets with our top-grade Palm kernel shells.